"Maintenance means the continuous protective care
of the fabric and setting of a place, and is to be distinguished
from repair. Repair involves restoration or reconstruction."
ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999, Australia
"Planned maintenance is a more disciplined and systematic
method of undertaking the necessary maintenance of a building,
which would otherwise be carried out as a response to occurring
problems. A reactionary method has numerous inherent drawbacks,
which the planned approach will avoid.
"Planned maintenance operates on a system of regularly planned
inspections allowing the condition of the building to be regularly
monitored and problems to be anticipated before
they occur. This will prevent secondary problems arising from
the original defect and will liberate the owner to obtain a range
of alternative solutions and contractors from which the most appropriate
can be selected."
"The requirement for regular routine maintenance will be
dictated by the initial quality of the element, its suitability
to the purpose it serves and the conditions to which it is subject.
Elements of historical buildings are usually of high quality and
the regularity of work will be governed by the conditions. The
regularity of maintenance will become apparent during the inspection
process. Once regular maintenance cycles have been planned the
owner will be able to prioritise and budget finance accordingly."
Guidance for Historic Building Owners, Section 7, Vale
Royal Borough Council, Cheshire, UK, November 2002. [Download
as a PDF format file.]
"One of the fundamental principles of conservation philosophy
is the idea of maintenance as the optimum means by which the cultural
significance contained within the fabric of the built cultural
heritage can be conserved. Maintenance is central to protecting
cultural significance because, if properly implemented, it will
be the least destructive of all the interventions
which inevitably occur in the process of conserving historic buildings.
The important point about historic buildings, which should inform
the approach adopted toward the management of maintenance, is
that the fabric is important in itself - not just because of the
function it performs. That is, unlike other buildings, the fabric
has cultural significance i.e. the building itself is an artefact.
"Implementing maintenance as a strategy for the built cultural
heritage raises practical, managerial and political issues. There
is increasing recognition that to sustain cultural significance,
particularly following major restoration campaigns, appropriate
systematic maintenance is vital. More importantly, there is increasing
recognition, and evidence, that implementing such a strategy can
delay or avoid the damage, disruption and expense of major restoration
Dunn, Nigel. Philosophical Context in Maintaining
Europes Built Cultural Heritage, Risk
Map of Architectural Heritage: From Cataloguing to Planned Preservation,
Politecnico di Milano, 23 November 2000, Conference sponsored
"The best efforts to reduce negative environmental impacts
in the built environment are doomed to failure unless well-crafted
operations and maintenance (O&M) procedures are implemented.
Furthermore, even the best O&M procedures are of no use unless
they are understood and followed by building O&M personnel.
Facility managers play the key role in ensuring that this happens.
An "integrated team" approach can be a big help. In
this process, O&M personnel are active participants in the
design of a facility and the development of O&M procedures.
This "integrated team" promotes useful procedures that
are efficient and most important faithfully executed."
and Maintenance, Building
Technologies Program, Office
of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, U.S.
Department of Energy
"Maintenance. The very word conjures up images of scrubbing,
polishing and dusting. Gone is the glory of architectural investigation
and skilled craftsmanship. Here to stay, however, is the real
preservation responsibility for the historic property. The fact
that maintenance suffers from a low priority image to both the
public and the building management does not diminish the true
importance of this vital portion of any preservation program."
Chambers, J. Henry, AIA. Cyclical Maintenance for Historic
Buildings, Interagency Historic Architectural Services Program,
Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, National
Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1976, p.