Techniques > Systems > Masonry

Norcross Quarry, Route 30, Dorset, Vermont.
Cross-bedded sandstone, Jemez, New Mexico.


  1. Geology
    1. Stone Performance
    2. McKee, Harley, Introduction to Early American Masonry, Washington, DC: The APT Press, 1973, Part 1, Stone provided
    3. Shadmon, Asher. Stone: An introduction, Intermediate Technology Publications, 1989. provided
  2. MIscellaneous
    1. Ward's for geology supplies.
    2. Stoney Creek Granite Quarry Worker Celebration
    4. Collecting Rocks
    5. Selected References On Rocks, Minerals, And Gemstones
    6. National Geologic Map Database, which includes GEOLEX, a search tool for lithologic and geochronologic unit names
    7. Building Stone of Our Nation's Capitol
    8. State Geologic Maps
    9. Geologic Maps of the United States
    10. National Mapping Information
    11. Books and Other Publications

Masonry Cleaning, Coating, Consolidation

  1. Mack, Robert C., AIA and Anne E. Grimmer. Preservation Briefs 1: Assessing Cleaning and Water-Repellent Treatments for Historic Masonry Buildings, NPS, rev 2000
  2. Grimmer, Anne E.. Preservation Briefs 6: Dangers of Abrasive Cleaning to Historic Buildings, NPS, 1979
  3. Abrasive or Chemical Masonry Cleaning Techniques: Which should you specify?, ProSoCo
    1. ROTEC® VORTEX Cleaning Process,Quintek
      1. Cleaning System
  4. Restoration Treatments, ProSoCo
  5. Specifications: Restoration and Cleaning of Masonry in Historic Structures, Dvision 04 Masonry, Section 040140, UFGS

Mortars and Repoiting

  1. Soil
    1. Soil Texture
      1. Soil texture, Wikipedia
        1. Particle size (grain size), Wikipedia
          1. Wentworth Grain Size Chart
      2. Lamotte Soil Texture Unit - Sample Collection and Testing peruse
    2. Aggregate, Wikipedia
      1. Sand, Wikipedia
      2. Clay, Wikipedia
    3. Aggregate Shake Test
    4. Lamotte Soil Test Unit
  2. Lime
    1. Lime Cycle
    2. Quicklime
    3. Taylor, Jonathan. What is Lime? Building Conservation Directory, 1999.
    4. Taylor, Jonathan. Lime: The Basics. Building Conservation Directory, Historic Churches, 2000.
    5. Ashurst, John. The Technology and Use of Hydraulic Lime. Building Conservation Directory, 1997.
    6. Ellis, Peter. Gauging Lime Mortars. Building Conservation Directory, 2002.
    7. Scottish Lime Center
    8. Virginia Lime Works
      1. St Astier Natural Hydraulic Limes
        1. NHL 2 (feebly hydraulic)
        2. NHL 3.5 (moderately hydraulic)
        3. NHL 5 (hydraulic)
      2. Premixed Lime Mortars
        1. Mix & GO Premixed Lime Mortars
  3. Mortars, Plasters and Cements
    1. Collective
      1. McKee, Harley, Introduction to Early American Masonry, Washington, DC: The APT Press, 1973, Part 3 Mortar provided
    2. Lime mortars
      1. Traditional Lime Putty Mortars & Plasters, Virginia Lime Works
      2. Specification 04100-03: Preparing Lime Mortar for Repoiting Masonry, GSA
    3. Natural Cement
      1. Vicat Prompt Natural Cement, Virginia Lime Works
      2. Rosendale Cement
      3. Pozzolana w, Pozzolan w, Pozzolanic reaction w
    4. Mortar Analysis and Matching
      1. Mortar analysis and replication, Virginia Lime Works
      2. Mortar analysis, US Heritage
      3. Schnable, Lorraine. Mortar Analysis Part 1, Part 2: Analytical Methods, APT Bulletin, Practice Points 05/07.
    5. Mortar Repointing
      1. Repointing Mortar Joints in Historic Masonry Buildings Preservation Briefs 2, National Park Service. Robert C. Mack, FAIA, and John P. Speweik
      2. Practical guides: Masonry repointing, Virginia Lime Works
      3. Speweik, John. The History of Masonry Mortar in America, 1720-1995. provided
      4. Repointing Masonry: Problems with Hard Mortar, New York Landmarks Conservanc
    6. Joint Preparation: A Job for Pneumatics