Standards > Charters

  Bell, D. Guide to International Conservation Charters - Technical Advice Note 8 Brings together for the first time and analyses over 70 national and international statements of conservation principles in an attempt to provide a basis for a better informed approach to building conservation work in Scotland and elsewhere. 296x210 mm, 88pp, illustrated with black and white line drawings ISBN 1900168243 9.95. Historic Scotland [As Web site has frames, to order: go to Historic Scotland, click on "Publications" enter "Bell" or "Charters" as keyword.

Rhyne, Charles S. The First International Document for Diverse Cultural Values in Conservation: "The Document of Nara" A paper presented at the Annual Meeting of American Institute for the Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works St. Paul, Minnesota 7th June 1995


Chronological List

19th Century

1877 The Principles of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings as Set Forth Upon its Foundation in 1877 (The SPAB Manifesto)


1904 The Preservation & Restoration of Architectural Monuments; Madrid


1931 The Athens Charter for the Restoration of Historic Monuments
full text with links to ICOMOS

1932 Italian Norms for the Restoration of Monuments; Italy

1935 Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments, 15 April 1935


1954 Convention For the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, The Hague Convention, 14 May 1954

1954 European Cultural Convention, 19 December 1954

1956 Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to Archaeological Excavations


1962 Recommendation Concerning the Safeguarding of the Beauty and Character of Landscapes and Sites, UNESCO


1964 The Venice Charter: International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration ofMonuments and Sites


1967 The Norms of Quito


1968 Recommendation Concerning the Preservation of Cultural Property Endangered by Public or Private Works. UNESCO


1969 European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (6 May 1969)
Note: This Convention has been replaced by the [Revised] European Convention for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage of Europe of 16 January 1992.


1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (14 Nov 70)


1972 Budapest Resolution on the Introduction of Contemporary Architecture into Ancient Groups of Buildings; Budapest

1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (16 Nov 72)
World Heritage

1972 Recommendation Concerning the Protection, at National Level, of the Cultural and Natural Heritage, UNESCO


1975 The Declaration of Amsterdam

Rothenburg Resolution on the Conservation of Smaller Historic Towns; Germany

1975 European Charter of the Architectural Heritage
full text with links to European Cultural Conservation


1976 Convention on the Protection of the Archeological, Historical, and Artistic Heritage of the American Nations (Convention of San Salvador) (16 Jun 76)

1976 Recommendation Concerning the Safeguarding and Contemporary Role of Historic Areas, UNESCO, Nairobi


1980 The Lahore Charter, UNESCO
Draft developed at the Conservation of Islamic Architectural Heritage, International Symposium in Lahore organised by UNESCO and the Government of Pakistan. Not on Web.


1981The Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance
(the Burra Charter)

1981 The Florence Charter
full text with links to the Venice Charter


1982 The Declaration of Dresden
full text

1982 Charter for the Preservation of Quebec's Heritage: Deschambault Declaration

1982 The Tlaxcala Declaration on the Revitalization of Smaller Settlements

1982 Declaration of Tlaxcala

The Declaration of Dresden; Dresden


1983 Appleton Charter for the Protection and Enhancement of the Built Environment
Published by ICOMOS Canada under the auspices of the English-Speaking Committee, Ottawa, Canada, August 1983


European Convention on Offences Relating to Cultural Property (text version) (23 June 85)

1985 Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe — Convention pour la Sauvegarde du Patrimoine Architectural de l'Europe (3 Oct 85)


1987 ICOMOS Charter: The Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas (Washington Charter)

1987 The First Brazilian Seminar About the Preservation and Revitalization of Historic Centers


1988 Revised The Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance (The Burra Charter) Revised in 1999 and now refered to as the Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999


1989 National Charter for the Conservation and Preservation of Cultural Property (draft); Lahore, Pakistan


1990 ICOMOS Charter: for the Protection and Management of the Archaeological Heritage

1990 Archaeological Heritage Management

1990 New Orleans Charter for the Joint Preservation of Historic Structures and Artifacts, APT / AIC


1991 Bergen Protocol on Communications and Relations Among Cities of the Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC), Bergen

1991 Québec City Declaration

1991 The York Charter for Reconstruction After War


1992 European Convention for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage of Europe (Revised) (16 Jan 92)

1992 ICOMOS New Zealand: Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Heritage Value

1992 US/ICOMOS A Preservation Charter for the Historic Towns and Areas of the United States of America

1992 Cultural Heritage (Benda Cagar Budaya), Government of the Republic of Indonesia Law No. 5, 1992

1992 Charter of Courmayeur


1993 Declaration of Oaxaca

1993 The Fez Charter adopted by the Founding General Assembly of the Organization of World Heritage Cities

1993 Guidelines for Education and Training in the Conservation of Monuments, Ensembles and Sites


1994 Charter for Cultural Tourism

1994 Buenos Aires Draft Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (August 1994)

1994 The Nara Document on Authenticity (Nara Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention, held at Nara, Japan, from 1-6 November 1994)

1994 Resolution on Information as an Instrument for Protection Against War Damages to the Cultural Heritage, UNESCO
This has links to Hague Convention and World Heritage Convention


1995 Secretary for the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties
the official NPS site for the standards for preservation, rehabilitation, restoration and reconstruction.
Electronic Rehab: an interactive web class on the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation

1995 Unidroit Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (24 June 1995)

Paper by Marina Schneider, Unidroit Research Officer, delivered at London Conference on Art Theft, November 1995.


1996 NATO -Partnership for Peace (PfP) Conference on Cultural Heritage Protection in Wartime and in State Emergency, Cracow, 18-21 June 1996.
this site goes along with the one above, this has links to NATO- Partnership for Peace

1996 ICOMOS Charter on the Protection and Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage
archeology, documentation, conservation management and maintenance are all discussed.

1996 Declaration of San Antonio at the InterAmerican Symposium on Authenticity in the Conservationa and Management of the Cultural Heritage

1996 Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Heritage Value (New Zealand Charter), ICOMOS New Zealand

1996 Principles for the Recording of Monuments, Groups of Buildings and Sites; Bulgaria


1997 Evora Appeal in favour of tourism development geared to safeguarding the vitality and character of historic cities, September 20, 1997

1997 Declaration of Quebec
The 2nd Forum UNESCO University and Heritage Seminar organized in Quebec by Universite Laval, altogether decide to consolidate the Forum UNESCO network created in Valencia, in 1996.

1997 Frederick Charter
introduced at the first International Preservation Trades Workshop (IPTW 97) held November 5-7, 1997 in Frederick, Maryland. It being resolved and moved by the consent and affirmation of the participants of IPTW 97 that a charter of purpose be established in support of the Preservation Trades Network (PTN)


Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999

1999 International Cultural Tourism charter: Managing Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance, Mexico, October 1999

1999 Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Structures

1999 Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage

1999 Declaration of ICOMOS, marking the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Stockholm, Sweden


2000 Riga Charter on Authenticity and Historical Reconstruction in Relationship to Cultural Heritage; Latvia

2000 Safeguarding Historic Urban Ensembles in a Time of Change: A Management Guide; Quebec

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