Risk Management > Physical Forces


Assess potential damage that may occur due to trees around perimeter of buildings.

Thoroughly protect architectural features and objects from damage due to construction work and other treatments.

Assess actual and potential damage caused by user wear-and-tear, especially in interpreted spaces open to visitors.

As part of a Space Use and Facilities Management Plan, assess wayfinding and placemaking as part of guided and self-guided tours and other circulations patterns to determine actual and potential risks.

As part of Space Use and Facilities Management Plan and also Historic Furnishings Plan, assess relationship betwwen interior surfaces; operating doors, windows adn other elements; furnishing; artwork and objects and the actual or potential risks imposed through physical contact or potential contact.


"Direct physical forces can be either sudden and catastrophic or long-term and gradual. Sudden damage usually results from a shock to the artifact while it is being handled or moved, during collapse of shelving or supports, or as a result of earthquakes or war. Long-term exposure to some force may result in the deformation of an object, and may be due to inadequate support in display or storage or to artifacts having been stacked. Vibration can also cause damage to artifacts in the short term or the long term, depending on the circumstances. The most common damages in this category result from improper handling procedures, and the type of damage varies from complete loss of the artifact to minor damage that can be repaired. Most museum artifacts are vulnerable to this type of direct physical force."

Costain, Charlie. Framework for Preservation of Museum Collections, Canadian Heritage, 1994.



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